General Overview

Boric Acid
Boric Acid is found as a constituent of many minerals (borax, boracite, boronatrocaicite and colemanite). The presence of boric acid and its salts has been noted in seawater. It also exists in plants and especially in almost all fruits. Borates, including boric acid, have been used since the time of the Greeks for cleaning, preserving food, and other activities. Boric acid was first registered in the United States as an insecticide in 1948 for control of cockroaches, termites, fire ants, fleas, silverfish, and many other insects. The product is generally considered to be safe to use in household kitchens to control cockroaches and ants.[15] It acts as a stomach poison affecting the insects’ metabolism, and the dry powder is abrasive to the insects’ exoskeleton.

Pyrethrum
Pyrethrum is found in the Chrysanthemum plant, Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium. Pyrethrum has been extensively studied for its effects on people and the environment and is widely regarded as one of the least poisonous insecticides to mammals. Pyrethrins are low in toxicity to mammals because they are quickly broken down into inactive forms and pass from the body in the urine and feces. In 2008, the EPA’s Cancer Assessment Review Committee (“CARC”) classified pyrethrins as “Not Likely to be Carcinogenic to Humans”.

Botanical Insecticides
Our botanical based products use botanical compounds that plants generate as part of their natural defense against insect attacks. These compounds work by blocking octopamine in the target insect’s nervous system. Octopamine is the insect’s equivalent to adrenaline. It regulates their heart rate, movement, behavior and metabolism. The unique molecular structure of Essentria’s active ingredient targets and blocks the octopamine neurotransmitter receptors in insects. Blocking octopamine results in a total breakdown of the insect’s central nervous system. Mammals, birds and fish do not have receptors for octopamine, so these products have no adverse effect on them. The EcoPCO product line uses these compounds in combination with pyrethrum, while the Essentria product line relies solely on these botanical compounds.

Insect Growth Regulators
An insect growth regulator (IGR) is a substance (chemical) that inhibits the life cycle of an insect. IGRs are typically used to control populations of harmful pests, such as cockroaches or fleas.[ Many IGRs are labeled “reduced risk” by the Environmental Protection Agency, meaning that they target juvenile harmful insect populations while causing less detrimental effects to beneficial insects. Unlike classic insecticides, IGRs do not affect an insect’s nervous system and are thus more worker-friendly within closed environments. In addition, while insects can become resistant to insecticides, they are less likely to become resistant to IGRs.